THE BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF PARAPSYCHOLOGY
GERALD WILLIAM BALFOUR
(2nd Earl of Balfour), statesman, classical scholar; president, Society for Psychical Research, London, 1906-07; vice-president 1906-45. B. April 9, 1853, Whittinghame, East Lothian, Scotland; d. January 14, 1945, Whittinghame. Educ. Eton; Trinity College, Cambridge (M.A.) Fellow Trinity College. M. 1887, Lady Betty, daugther of 1st Earl of Lytton (d. 1942); 5 d., 1 s. Member of Parliament for Central Leeds, 1885-1906: held varied government offices, several times as private secretary to his brother, Arthur James Balfour (q.v.).
Like his brother, Geral Balfour joined the SPR soon after it was formed. He devoted much of his time to psychical research and took a leading part in the organization and study of the work of the "SPR group" of automatists whose scripts formed the famous "cross-correspondence," in which writings that individually appeared to be meaningless seemed to show, when considered as a whole, evidence that purposeful intelligences were originating the.
Balfour eventually became a firm believer in the reality of communication between the living and the dead. He conceived the human individual as "an ordered association of psychic units, or centers of consciousness, telepathically interconnected."
Gerald Balfour's articles in the SPR Proceedings include "Presidential Address" (Vol. 19, Part 52, 1906-07); "Professor Pigou on Cross-Correspondence" (Vol. 25, Part 62, 1911); "Some Observations on Mr. Piddington's Paper" (Vol.26, Part 65, 1913); "Some Recent Scripts Affording Evidence of Personal Survival"(Vol. 27, Part 69, 1915); "The Ear of Dionysius; Further Scripts Affording Evidence of Personal Survival" (Vol. 29, Part 73, 1916-18); "The Ear of Dionysius; A Reply" (Vol. 29, Part 74, 1916-18); "A Study of the Psychological Aspects of Mrs. Willet's Mediumship, and of the Statements of the Communicators concerning Progress" (Vol. 43, Part 140, 1935).
Taken from Helene Pleasants (1964) Biographical Dictionary of Parapsychology with Directory and Glossary 1946-1996 NY: Garrett Publications